Microbiographies

Biographical Information for Prominent Plant Ecologists

Note:

At this time, this list provides basic data only for ESA Presidents and Eminent Ecologists who were plant ecologists and their direct associates. List is based on a paper by Sprugel (1980), only selected items have been updated since that time. Until we get it further updated, expect anachronisms. Links to ESA online information (Presidential bios, Awards, and Resolutions of Respect/obituaries) are provided where available, along with links to external biographical information and, where known, archival papers held at repositories across the U.S.

In many cases the adviser’s name is followed by a note or code indicating the evidence that that person was in fact the individual’s adviser. Codes are: C = confirmed by the advisor or the advisee, D = published dissertation contains a clear and unequivocal acknowledgment of the adviser.

A-BCDEFGHJKLMNOPRSTVWY


John M. Aikman
Born: Mason City, NE 3/24/1893; died 7/13/1975
Education: Nebraska Wesleyan (A.B. 1917, A.M. 1921; Nebraska (Ph.D. 1928)
Dissertation title: Distribution and structure of the forests of eastern Nebraska. (Univ. of Nebr. Studies 26:1-75)
Adviser: John E. Weaver (D)
Comments: Took a summer course with H. C. Cowles at Chicago in 1922.
Teaching history: Nebr. Wesleyan 1921-27; Iowa State 1927-75.
Ph. D. Students; others influenced:
ESA offices and honors: Vice President 1945; President 1946.
ESA links: Resolution of Respect
Archived papers: John Mulvaney Aikman Papers at Iowa State


Frederick W. Albertson
Born: Hill City, KS 1/1/1892; died 6/8/1961
Education: Ft. Hays, Kansas St. Coll. (B. Sc. 1918); Missouri (A.M. 1930); Nebraska (Ph. D. 1937)
Dissertation title: Ecology of mixed prairie in West-Central Kansas (Ecol. Mon. 7:483-547)
Adviser: John E. Weaver (D)
Teaching history: Ft. Hays St. Coll. 1918-1961
Ph. D. Students; others influenced:
ESA offices and honors: Vice President 1951
Archived papers: Location unknown
External links: Other sources


W. Clark Ashby
Born: Duluth, MN 7/6/1922
Education: Chicago (B.D. 1947, Ph. D. 1950); California (1947-49; no degree)
Dissertation title: Effects of certain acid growth-regulating substances and their corresponding aldehydes on the growth of roots. (Bot. Gaz. 112: 237-249).
Adviser: Poul Larsen (C)
Comments: Took courses with and T.A.’d for C. E. Olmsted while at Chicago.
Teaching history: Cal Tech 1953-54; Chicago 1955-60; Southern Illinois University 1960-present.
Ph. D. Students; others influenced:
ESA offices and honors: Treasurer 1967-69; Business Manager 1969-73
Archived papers: Ashby Family World War I and II Papers at SIU-Carbondale  |  Some correspondence in the Good Papers at UGA/ESA Archives
External links:


Stanley I. Auerbach
Born:Chicago, IL 5/21/1921, died 5/1/2004
Education: Illinois (B.S. 1941, M.S. 1947): Northwestern (Ph.D. 1949)
Dissertation title: The centipedes of the Chicago area with special reference to their ecology (Ecol. Mon. 21:97-124)
Adviser: Orlando Park (C)
Comments: V.E. Shelford was M. S. adviser.
Teaching History: Roosevelt Univ. 1950-54; (Oak Ridge Nat’l. Laboratory 1954-?)
Ph. D. Students; others influenced: Because of the nature of his nonacademic role, Auerbach does not leave direct “descendants.” Among those he influenced as colleagues at Oak Ridge are Jerry Olson, David Reichle, and W. Franklin Harris.
ESA offices and honors: Secretary 1965-70; President 1971-72; Distinguished Service Citation 1985.
ESA links: Presidential bio  |  Resolution of Respect
Archived Papers: Contact UGA/ESA Archives for ESA finding aid and Auerbach Papers

[Return to Top]


Charles R. Barnes
Primary specialty: Plant physiology
Ph. D. Students: B. E. Livingston


Ann M. Bartuska
Born: 8/6/1953
Education: Wilkes College (B.S. 1975); Ohio University (M.S 1977); West Virginia (Ph.D. 1981)
Dissertation title: Detrital processes in a black locust reforested surface mine compared to a sugar maple dominated mixed hardwood stand
Adviser: G. E. Lang (C)
Ph. D. Students; others influenced:
ESA offices and honors: VP for Public Affairs 1996-99; President 2002-3
ESA links: Presidential bio
External links: Interview


Fakhri Bazzaz
Born: Baghdad, Iraq 6/16/1933; died 2/6/2008
Education: Univ. Baghdad (BA 1953), Illinois (MS 1960; Ph.D. 1963)
Dissertation title: Secondary succession on abandoned fields in Southern Illinois (Ecology 49: 924-36 )
Adviser: L. C. Bliss (C)
Teaching History: Baghdad 1964-66; Illinois 1963-64, 66-84; Harvard 1984-2004.
Ph. D. Students: Steward T. A. Pickett
ESA links: Resolution of Respect
External links:  Wikipedia


Harry M. Benedict
Primary specialty: Plant physiology
Ph. D. Students: E. Lucy Braun


May R. Berenbaum
Born: Trenton, NJ 7/22/1953
Education: Yale (BS 1975), Cornell (Ph.D. 1980)
Dissertation title: Furanocoumarin chemistry, insect herbivory, and coevolution in the Umbelliferae (Oecologia 49: 236-244; Ecology 62:1254-1266)
Adviser: Paul Feeny
Comments:  Also influenced by Charles Remington and Bruce Stowe (undergraduate)
Teaching History: Illinois 1980-present
ESA offices and honors: MacArthur Award 2004
ESA links: MacArthur Award citation
External links: Wikipedia


Charles E. Bessey
Primary specialty: Plant geography and taxonomy
Adviser: Asa Gray
Ph. D. Students: F. E. Clements, Roscoe Pound.
Others influenced: Conway MacMillan (M.A.), Paul B. Sears (M.A.)
External links:    Wikipedia


W. Dwight Billings
Born: Washington, D.C. 12/29/1910; died 1/4/1997.
Education: Butler Univ. (A.B. 1933); Duke (A.M. 1935, Ph.D. 1936)
Dissertation title: The structure and development of old-field shortleaf pine stands and certain associated physical properties of the soil. (Ecol. Mon. 8:437-499)
Adviser: Henry J. Oosting (C)
Comments: Influenced by S. A. Cain and R. C. Friesner as an undergraduate.
Teaching history: Tennessee 1936-37; Nevada 1938-52; Duke 1952-?
Ph. D. Students: L. C. Bliss, H. A. Mooney
Others influenced: J. E. Cantlon (undergraduate)
ESA offices and honors: Vice President 1960; Business Manager 1968-69; President 1978-79; Distinguished Service Citation 1981; Eminent Ecologist 1991.
ESA links:
Archived Papers: Contact UGA/ESA Archives for ESA finding aid and Billings Papers
External links:    Wikipedia | Smith bios


Glenn W. Blaydes
Primary specialty: Plant anatomy and morphology
Adviser: Edgar N. Transeau
Ph. D. Students: Aaron J. Sharp


Lawrence C. Bliss
Born: Cleveland, OH 11/29/1929
Education: Kent State Univ. (B.S. 1951}; Duke (M.S. 1953, Ph.D. 1956)
Dissertation title: A comparison of plant development in microenvironments of arctic and alpine tundras (Ecol. Mon. 26:303-337)
Adviser: W. D. Billings (C)
Teaching history: Bowling Green St. Univ. 1956-57; Illinois 1957-68; Alberta 1968-78; Washington 1978-98.
Ph. D. Students: Fakhri Bazzaz
ESA offices and honors: Member at Large 1967-68; Treasurer 1977-81; Vice President 1976-77; President 1982-83.
Archived papers: Contact UGA/ESA Archives for ESA finding aid and Bliss Papers


F. Herbert Bormann
Born: New York, NY 3/24/1922; died 6/7/2012
Education: Rutgers (B.S. 1948); Duke (M.A. 1950, Ph.D. 1952)
Dissertation title: Factors determining the role of loblolly pine and sweetgum in early old-field succession (Ecol. Mon. 23:339-358)
Adviser: Henry J. Oosting (C)
Comments: Influenced by Murray Buell as an undergraduate.
Teaching history: Emory Univ. 1952-56; Dartmouth 1956-66; Yale 1966-1992
Ph. D. Students; others influenced: P. L. Marks, J. M. Melillo
ESA offices and honors: President 1970-71, Eminent Ecologist 1995.
ESA links: Presidential bio.
Archived Papers: Location unknown, but Bormann is mentioned in several collections at Yale University Archives. Search Yale’s online finding aid database using “bormann, f. herbert” to locate collections of interest. In particular, Bormann is mentioned as a correspondent in the Hutchinson (G. Evelyn) papers at Yale
External links: autobiographical article  |   Wikipedia


Emma Lucy Braun
Born: Cincinnati, OH 4/19/1889; died 3/5/1971
Education: Cincinnati (B.A. 1910; M.A. 1912; Ph.D. 1914)
Dissertation title: The physiographic ecology of the Cincinnati region (Ohio Biol. Surv. 2:115-211. Bull. no. 7)
Adviser: H. M. Benedict (D)
Comments: Thesis thanks H. C. Cowles for helpful suggestions. A new Eupatorium species, E. luciae-brauniae, was named for her by M. L. Fernald. See biographical article by R. L. Stuckey, Mich. Botanist 12:83-106 (1973).
Teaching history: Cincinnati 1914-48 (emer.)-71
Ph. D. Students; others influenced:
ESA offices and honors: Vice President 1935; President 1950.
Archived Papers: Photo album finding aid at Smithsonian
Archives
  |  Related biographical material with Rochonne Weintraub Abrams Papers
External links: Smith bios  |   Wikipedia


J Harlen Bretz
Primary specialty: Geology
Ph. D. Students: Ralph W. Chaney
External links: Wikipedia


Nathaniel L. Britton
Primary specialty: Plant taxonomy
Ph. D. Students: Henry A. Gleason
External links: Wikipedia


Linda B. Brubaker
Adviser: Margaret B. Davis (C)



Murray F. Buell
Born: New Haven, CT 10/6/1905, died 7/2/1975
Education: Cornell (A.B. 1930); Minnesota (A.M. 1934, Ph.D. 1935).
Dissertation title: The embryology of Acorus calamus Linn. (Bot. Gaz. 99:556-568)
Adviser: F. K. Butters (confirmed by Helen Buell)
Comments: Strongly influenced by W. S. Cooper in graduate school. ESA’s Buell Award was established in his name in 1977.
Teaching history: N.C. State 1935-46; Rutgers 1946-71. Summers at Itasca Biol. Sta. (Minnesota) for many years. After retirement taught at Yale, Minnesota, Georgia, Arizona, UC-Davis, UC-Santa Barbara, Montana, and Colorado State.
Ph. D. Students: J. E. Cantlon, W. A. Reiners, W. A. Niering.
Others influenced: F. H. Bormann (undergraduate)
ESA offices and honors: Secretary 1951-53; Vice President 1955; President 1962; Eminent Ecologist 1970
ESA links: Eminent Ecologist  |   Resolution of Respect
Archived Papers: Location unknown, but Buell is mentioned as a correspondent in a Botany Department collection at University of Minnesota archives, and is included in a biographical file of Minnesota faculty at the University archives
External links: Wikipedia


Thomas J. Burrill
Primary specialty: Botany and bacteriology
Influenced Henry A. Gleason
External links: Wikipedia


Frederic K. Butters
Primary specialty: Plant geography and taxonomy
Ph. D. Students: Murray F. Buell

[Return to Top]


Fred R. Cagle
Primary specialty: Herpetology
Ph. D. Students: Robert E. Gordon


Stanley A. Cain
Born: Jefferson Co. IN 6/19/1902; died 4/1/1995
Education: Butler Univ. (B.S. 1924); Chicago (M.S. 1927, Ph.D. 1930)
Dissertation title: An ecological study of the heath balds of the Great Smoky Mountains. (Butler Univ. Bot. Stud. 1:117-208)
Adviser: George D. Fuller (C)
Comments: H. C. Cowles was adviser for M.S. and strongest influence at Chicago.
Teaching history: Butler Univ. 1925-31; Indiana 1931-33; Tennessee 1935-46; Michigan 1950-65, 1968-74; UC-Santa Cruz 1974-?
Ph. D. Students: A. W. Cooper
Others influenced: W. D. Billings, R. Daubenmire (undergraduate)
ESA offices and honors: Treasurer 1939-40, 1943; Vice-President 1953; Member at Large 1955-56; President 1958; Eminent Ecologist 1969.
Archived Papers:Stanley A. Cain papers at UC Santa Cruz
External links: Smith bios


John E. Cantlon
Born: Sparks, NV 10/6/1921
Education: Nevada (B.S. 1947), Rutgers (Ph.D. 1950).
Dissertation title: Vegetation and microclimates on north and south slopes of Cushetunk Mt., New Jersey (Ecol. Mon. 23:241-270)
Adviser: M. F. Buell (C)
Comments: Worked with W. D. Billings as undergraduate.
Teaching history: George Washington Univ. 1950-53; Michigan State 1954-90 (administration after 1969).
Ph. D. Students: P. A. Werner
Others influenced: Frank Golley
ESA offices and honors: Secretary 1958-61; Vice President 1965; President 1968-69.
Archived papers: Mentioned in Deevey Papers at UGA/ESA Archives


Charles J. Chamberlain
Primary specialty: Botany and cytology
Ph,D. students: Paul B. Sears
External links: Wikipedia


Thomas C. Chamberlin
Primary specialty: Geology
Influenced Henry C. Cowles
External links: Wikipedia


Ralph W. Chaney
Born: Chicago, IL 8/24/1890; died 3/3/1971
Education: Chicago (B.S. 1912, Ph.D. 1919)
Dissertation title: The ecological significance of the Eagle Creek flora of the Colorado River gorge. (J. Geol. 26:577-592)
Adviser: J Harlen Bretz (confirmed by Bretz)
Comments: Thanked H. C. Cowles in his dissertation for assistance in ecological interpretations. Not primarily a plant ecologist, but included here because some of his descendents clearly were.
Teaching history: Iowa 1919-22; California 1931-57.
Ph.D.students:
Others influenced: H. L. Mason
ESA offices and honors: None.
ESA links:
Archived papers: Oral history transcript at Berkeley  |  Mentioned as a correspondent in John C Merriam Papers at Library of Congress
External links: Smith bios


F. Stuart Chapin III (Terry)
Born: Portland, OR 2/2/1944
Education: Swarthmore (BA 1966); Stanford (Ph. D. 1973)
Dissertation title: Morphological and physiological mechanisms of temperature compensation in phosphate absorption along a latitudinal gradient (Science 183:521-523; Ecology 55:1180-1198)
Adviser: H. A. Mooney (C)
Teaching History: Alaska 1984-89; UC Berkeley 1989-98; Alaska 1998-present (emeritus 2011-)
Ph. D. Students:  John Bryant (1984), Lawrence Walker (1985), Susan Cargill Bishop (1988), Knut Kielland (1990), Chris Fastie (1994), Margaret Torn (1994), Sarah Hobbie (1995), Bruce Hungate (1995), Heather Reynolds (1995), Paul Grogan (1998), Joe McFadden (1998), Joe Craine (2000), Valerie Eviner (2002), Jill Johnstone (2003), Cath Thompson (2004), Teresa Hollingsworth (2004), Nancy Fresco (2006), Katey Walter Anthony (2006), Colin Beier (2007), Martin Robards (2008), Todd Brinkman (2009), Meagan Krupa (2009), Lily Ray (2010), Shannon McNeeley (2009), Kyle Joly (2011), Sherri Wall (2003- ), Bill Overbaugh (2004- ), Hassab Ali (2006- ), La’ona DeWilde (2007- ), Becky Hewitt (2008- ), Robin Bronen (2008- ), Corrie Knapp (2010-),
Others influenced: Postdocs: Arnold Bloom, Sven Jonasson, Eric Vance, Silvia Strauss-Debenedetti, Francisco Pugnaire, Ayelet Schuster, Vince Eckhart, Josep Canadell, Maria Jose Leiva, Charles Jaeger, Zoe Cardon, Werner Eugster, Shuijin Hu, David Hooper, Carolyn Malmstrom, Stefan Maurer, Howard Epstein, Jim Randerson, Edward Mitchell, Syndonia Bret-Harte, Scott Chambers, Jason Beringer, Jose Gruenzweig, Roger Dargaville, Michelle Mack, Scott Rupp, Haitao Li, Monique Heijmans, Christian Wirth, Sarah Trainor, Jennifer Schmidt, Todd Brinkman. Grad students, MS: Barbara Lachenbruch (1982), Nancy Van Alstine (1983), Linda DeFoliart (1986), Lewis Sharman (1987), Tim Cater (1990), La-ona DeWilde (2003), Melissa Robinson (2005), Isla Meyer-Smith (2005), Emily Bernhardt (2008), Betsy Young (2005- ), Winslow Hansen (co-advisor) (2011- ),
ESA offices and honors: Member at large 1992-4; President 2010-11
ESA links:
Archived Papers:
External links: Wikipedia


Charles M. Child
Born: Ypsilanti, MI 2/2/1969; died 12/19/1954
Primary specialty: Developmental biology
Ph. D. Students: V. E. Shelford?
External links: Memoir


Norman L. Christensen
Born: Fresno, CA 12/28/1946
Education: Cal State Fresno (AB 1968, MS 1970); UC Santa Barbara (Ph.D. 1973)
Dissertation title: Effects of fire on factors controlling plant growth in Adenostoma chaparral (Science 181:66-68; Ecol. Mon. 45 29-55.)
Adviser: C. H. Muller (C)
Comments: Strongly influenced by Bert A. Tribbey (CA State Univ, Fresno).
Teaching History: Duke 1973-present
Ph. D. Students: Craig E. Martin, 1980; John C. Horn, 1980; Barbara A. Beaman, 1981; Anne E. Lubbers, 1982; Mark R. Roberts, 1983; Frank S. Gilliam, 1983; Ellen L. Simms, 1983; Rebecca B. Wilbur, 1984; James Raich, 1987; Michael Palmer, 1988; Richard E. Schneider, 1989; Suzanne McAlister, 1990; Douglas S. Powell, 1991; Patricia Peroni, 1992; Jane Molofsky, 1993; Stephen Rice, 1993; Eric Kjellmark, 1994; Ruth A. Kern, 1997; Deborah Lawrence, 1997 (co-advised with William Schlesinger); Sarah Goslee, 1998; Chi-ru Chang, 1997 (co-advised with Dean Urban); Phyllis C. Adams, 1999; Monique Rocca, 2004 (co-advised with Dean Urban); Benjamin Poulter, 2005; Alan Weakley, 2006; Miguel Schwarz, 2007; Charlotte Clark, 2007; Nicolette Cagle, 2008; Dalia Amor Ovando Conde, 2008; Sara Chun, 2008; Krithi Karanth, 2008; Jennifer M. Adeney, 2009; Claire O’Dea, 2010.
Others influenced: Michael S. Schafale, MS 1983
ESA offices and honors: Vice President for Finance 2002-2005, President 2007-8
ESA links:
Archived Papers:
External links: Faculty bio


Frederic E. Clements
Born: Lincoln, NE 9/16/1874; died 7/26/1945
Education: Nebraska (B. Sc. 1894, M.A. 1396, Ph.D. 1898)
Dissertation title: The phytogeography of Nebraska (presented jointly with Roscoe Pound)
Adviser: Charles E. Bessey (D)
Comments:
Teaching history: Nebraska 1894-1907; Minnesota 1907-17.
Ph. D. Students: J. E. Weaver, H. L. Shantz
ESA offices and honors: None.
ESA links:
Archived papers: Inventory of the Edith S. and Frederic E. Clements Papers  |   Some correspondence in Vestal Papers at UGA/ESA Archives  |   Suggestions for ecological research at Point Lobos reserve (Berkeley carbon copy)  |   a correspondent in Adolph Waller Papers at OSU
External links: Smith bios  |  Wikipedia


Scott L. Collins
Born: Ipswich, MA 10/28/1952
Education: Wittenberg (B.A. 1975); Miami (Ohio) (M.S.1977); Oklahoma (Ph.D. 1981)
Dissertation title: Habitat relationships and habitat variability of the wood warblers (Parulidae) (Oikos 39:50-58)
Adviser: Paul Risser (C)
Comments: Also influenced by Lou Laux (BA); John Vankat (MS); Fran James (Ph.D.); Ralph Good (post-doc); Steward Pickett (post-doc and beyond); everyone working at Konza Prairie (Assistant Prof and beyond)
Teaching History: Oklahoma 1981-83, 1985-94; New Mexico 2003-present
Ph. D. Students: Bruce Hoagland, Selene Baez, Sally Koerner, Michell Thomey, Susan Glenn
Others influenced:
ESA offices and honors: President 2012-2013


Joseph H. Connell
Born: Gary IN 10/5/1923
Education: Chicago (BS 1953), UC Berkeley (MA 1953), Glasgow (Ph.D. 1956)
Dissertation title: Studies of animal populations in the marine intertidal region (Ecol. Monogr. 31:61-104)
Adviser: C. M. Yonge
Comments:
Teaching History: UC Santa Barbara 1956-present (emeritus 1991-)
Ph. D. Students; others influenced:
ESA offices and honors: Eminent Ecologist 1983
ESA links:
Archived Papers:
External links: Wikipedia


Arthur W. Cooper
Born: Washington, DC 8/15/1931
Education: Colgate (B.A. 1953, M.A. 1955); Michigan (Ph.D. 1958).
Dissertation title: Plant life-forms as indicators of microclimate (Ecol. Mon. 31:31-59)
Adviser: Stanley A. Cain (C)
Comments:
Teaching history: N.C. State 1958-71, 1976-2001 (emeritus).
Ph. D. Students; others influenced:
ESA offices and honors: Vice President 1974-75; President 1980-81; Distinguished Service Citation 1984.
ESA links:
Archived papers: Inventory of the Arthur W. Cooper Papers at Forest History Society  |   Some correspondence in Patten Papers at UGA/ESA archives
External links: Other sources


William S. Cooper
Born: Detroit, MI 8/25/1884; died 10/8/1978
Education: Alma Coll. (B.S. 1906), Johns Hopkins (1906-07, no degree), Chicago (Ph.D. 1911)
Dissertation title: The climax forest of Isle Royale, Lake Superior, and its development (Bot. Gaz. 55:1-44, 115-140, 189-235)
Adviser: H. C. Cowles (CD)
Comments: Introduced to ecology by E. N. Transeau as an undergraduate.  Also had early contact with Forrest Shreve.
Teaching history: Stanford 1914-15; Minnesota 1915-51
Ph. D. Students: R. Daubenmire, R. R. Humphrey, J. H. Langenheim, H. J. Oosting.
Others influenced: M. F. Buell, F. E. Egler, R. L. Lindeman.
ESA offices and honors: Vice President 1927; President 1936, Eminent Ecologist 1963
ESA links:
Archived Papers: William Skinner Cooper Papers at Minnesota  |  Some correspondence in the Fuller Papers at UGA/ESA Archives
External links: Smith bios   |   Wikipedia


Grant Cottam
Born Sandy, UT 8/26/1918; died 5/13/2009
Education: Utah (B.A. 1939), Wisconsin (Ph.D. 1948)
Dissertation title: The phytosociology of an oak woods in southwestern Wisconsin. (Ecology 30:271-287)
Adviser: John T. Curtis (C)
Comments: Also influenced by Walter P. Cottam, father and undergraduate adviser.
Teaching history: Hawaii 1948-49; Wisconsin 1949-1986
Ph. D. Students: P. G. Risser.
Others influenced: D. H. Knight
ESA offices and honors: None.
ESA links:
Archived papers: Oral history interviews at Wisconsin  |   Contact UW-Madison Archives for his biographical file
External links: UW obituary


Walter P. Cottam
Born St. George, UT 3/3/1894; died 12/23/1988
Education: Brigham Young (A.B. 1916), Wisconsin (M.S. 1921), Chicago (Ph.D. 1926)
Dissertation title: An ecological study of the flora of Utah Lake, Utah (not published)
Adviser: H. C. Cowles (confirmed by Grant Cottam)
Teaching history: BYU 1920-31; Utah 1931-62
Ph. D. Students:
Others influenced: Grant Cottam (son), Calvin McMillan (M.S.)
ESA offices and honors: Eminent Ecologist 1960
ESA links:
Archived papers: Unknown location


John M. Coulter
Born: 11/20/1851, Ningpo, China; died 12/23/1928
Primary specialty: Plant taxonomy and morpholoogy
Ph. D. Students: Henry C. Cowles
External links: Wikipedia


Henry Chandler Cowles
Born: Kensington, CT 2/27/1869; died 9/12/1939
Education: Oberlin Coll. (A.B. 1893); Chicago (Ph.D. 1898)
Dissertation title: An ecological study of the sand dune flora of northern Indiana (Bot. Gaz. 27:95-117, 167-202, 281-308, 361-391)
Adviser: John M. Coulter (D)
Comments: Also influenced by T. C. Chamberlin, geologist. See article by W. S. Cooper, Ecology 16:281-283.
Teaching history: Gates Coll., NE 1894-95; Chicago 1897-1934.
Ph. D. Students: W. S. Cooper, W. P. Cottam, G. D. Fuller, E. L. Little, A. G. Vestal
Others influenced: J. M. Aikman, E. Lucy Braun, S. A. Cain, R. W. Chaney, B. E. Livingston, G. E. Nichols, P. B. Sears, V. E. Shelford, E. N. Transeau.
ESA offices and honors: Founder (1914); President 1918.
ESA links:
Archived Papers: Henry C. Cowles Collection at Chicago
External links: Smith bios   |   Wikipedia


William M. Crocker
Primary specialty: Plant physiology
Ph. D. Students: Homer C. Sampson?


John T. Curtis
Born Waukesha, WI 9/20/1913; died 6/7/1961
Education: Carroll Coll. (B.A. 1934); Wisconsin (M.A. 1935, Ph.D. 1937)
Dissertation title: Some phases of symbiotic and non-symbiotic orchid seed germination (not published ?)
Adviser: Benjamin M. Duggar (confirmed by R. Mclntosh)
Comments:
Teaching history: Wisconsin 1937-39; Pennsylvania 1940; Wisconsin 1940-61.
Ph. D. Students: Grant Cottam, Orie L. Loucks, Robert P. McIntosh, Forest Stearns.
Others influenced: D. H. Knight
ESA offices and honors:
ESA links:
Archived papers: Contact UW-Madison Archives for access to the John T Curtis Papers and his biographical file
External links: Smith bios  |  Wikipedia

[Return to Top]


Rexford Daubenmire
Born Coldwater, OH 12/12/1909; died 8/27/1995
Education: Butler Univ. (B.S. 1930); Colorado (M.S. 1932); Minnesota (Ph.D. 1935)
Dissertation title: The big woods of Minnesota: its structure and relation to climate, fire, and soils. (Ecol. Mon. 6:235-268)
Adviser: W. S. Cooper (C)
Comments: Also influenced by R. C. Friesner and S. A. Cain as undergraduate and F. Ramaley as a Master’s student.
Teaching history: Tennessee 1935-36; Idaho 1936-46; Washington State 1946-75.
Ph. D. Students: J. F. Franklin
Others influenced:
ESA offices and honors Member at Large 1960-62; President 1967; Eminent Ecologist 1979.
ESA links:
Archived papers: Papers at UGA/ESA
External links: Smith bios


Margaret B. Davis
Born: Boston, MA 10/23/1931
Education: Radcliffe (AB 1953), Harvard (Ph.D. 1957); Postdocs: (H. M. Raup), ()
Dissertation title: Late-glacial pollen diagrams from Central Massachusetts. (Am. J. Science 256:540-570)
Adviser: H. M. Raup
Comments: Did post-docs with H. M Raup (Harvard 1957-58), H. Lowenstamm (Caltech 1959-60), E. S. Deevey (Yale 1960-61)
Teaching History: University of Michigan 1966-1973, Yale 1973-76, Univ. Minnesota 1976-2000
Ph. D. students: Linda Brubaker, Richard Brugam , Randy Calcote, Isobel Heathcote, Sara Hotchkiss, W. Charles Kerfoot, Tim Parshall
Others influenced:
ESA offices and honors: President 1987-88; Eminent Ecologist Award 1993; Cooper Award 2011
ESA links:
Archived Papers:  in preparation
External links:


Edward S. Deevey
Born: Albany, NY 12/3/1914; died 11/29/1988
Education: Yale (BA 1934; Ph.D. 1938)
Dissertation title: Studies on Connecticut lake sediments (American Scientist 237: 691-724)
Adviser: G. E. Hutchinson
Comments:
Teaching History: Rice 1939-43; Yale 1946-68; Dalhousie 1968-71; Florida 1971-88
Ph. D. Students: E. B. Leopold, D. A. Livingstone, J. G. Ogden
Others influenced: M. B. Davis
ESA offices and honors: Vice President 1961; President 1969-70; Eminent Ecologist 1982
ESA links: Presidential bio
Archived Papers:
External links: Wikipedia | Smith bio


Benjamin M. Duggar
Primary specialty: Plant physiology and pathology
Ph. D. Students: John T. Curtis

[Return to Top]


Arthur J. Eames
Born: So. Framingham, MA 10/10/1881; died 2/13/1989
Primary specialty: Plant anatomy and morphology
Ph. D. Students: A. A. Lindsey
External links: Obituary


Samuel Eddy
Primary specialty: Limnology
Ph. D. Students: R. L. Lindeman


Frank E. Egler
Born New York, NY 4/26/1911; died 12/26/1996
Education: Chicago (B.S. 1932); Minnesota (M.S. 1934); Yale (Ph.D. 1936)
Dissertation title: Upland woody vegetation of the Berkshire Plateau (Ecol. Mon. 10:145-192)
Adviser: George E. Nichols (C)
Comments: Influenced more strongly by G. D. Fuller (undergraduate) and W. S. Cooper (Master’s) than Nichols, with whom he was not very sympathetic.
Teaching history: N. Y. State Coll. of Forestry (Syracuse) 1937-44; Connecticut 1947-48
Ph. D. Students; others influenced:
ESA offices and honors: Distinguished Service Citation 1978
ESA links: .
Archived papers: Papers at UGA/ESA
External links: Smith bios  |  Wikipedia


Ralph O. Erickson
Born: Duluth, MN 10/27/1914; died 3/24/2006
Primary specialty: Plant morphology
Ph. D. Students: Richard T. T. Forman
External links: Autobiographical articleObituary


Alexander W. Evans
Born: Buffalo, NY 5/17/1868; died 12/6/1959
Primary specialty: Bryology/lichenology
Ph. D. Students: George E. Nichols

[Return to Top]


Paul P. Feeny
Born: Birmingham, England 2/8/1940
Ph. D. Students: May Berenbaum


Stephen A. Forbes
Born: Silver Creek, IL 5/29/1844; died 3/13/1930
Others influenced: Henry A. Gleason
ESA offices and honors: President 1921
External links: Smith bios | Wikipedia


Richard T. T. Forman
Born: Richmond, VA 11/10/1935
Education: Haverford (B. S. 1957), Penn (Ph.D. 1961)
Dissertation title: Growth under controlled conditions, an explanation of the distribution patterns of the moss Tetraphis pellucida
Adviser: R. O. Erickson
Comments:
Teaching History: Wisconsin 1963-66; Rutgers 1966-84; Harvard 1984-present
Ph. D. Students: G. E. Lang
ESA offices and honors: Vice President 1982-83
ESA links:
Archived Papers:
External links:


Jerry F. Franklin
Born: Waldport, OR 10/27/1936
Education: Oregon State (BS 1959, MS 1961), Wazzu Washington State (Ph.D. 1966)
Dissertation title: Vegetation and soils in the subalpine forests of the southern Washington Cascade Range
Adviser: Rexford A. Daubenmire (C)
Teaching History: Oregon State 1976-90, Washington 1986-present
ESA offices and honors: President 1993-4


George D. Fuller
Born: Adamsville, Quebec 2/18/1869; died 11/22/1961
Education: McGill (A.B. 1901); Chicago (Ph.D. 1913).
Dissertation title: Evaporation and soil moisture in relation to the succession of plant associations. (Bot. Gaz. 58:193-234)
Adviser: H. C. Cowles (D)
Teaching history: Chicago 1909-34 (retired) – 38(?)
Ph. D. Students: Stanley A. Cain
ESA offices and honors: ESA President 1934.

[Return to Top]


Frank C. Gates
Born: Chicago, IL 9/12/1887; died 3/21/1955
Education: Illinois (A.B. 1910); Michigan (Ph.D. 1912)
Dissertation title: Winter as a factor in the xerophily of certain evergreen plants (Bot. Gaz. 57:445-489)
Adviser: F. C. Newcombe (confirmed by David Gates)
Comments: According to his son David, F. C. Gates was influenced much more strongly by H. A. Gleason than by Newcombe, even though Newcombe was his official adviser at Michigan.
Teaching history: Univ. of the Philippines 1912-15; Carthage Coll. 1916-19; Kansas State 1919-55. Univ. of Michigan Biol. Sta. (Douglas Lake) 1915-54 (summers).
Ph. D. Students: John E. Potzger
Others influenced: Aaron J. Sharp
ESA offices and honors: ESA President 1952.


Henry A. Gleason
Born: Dalton City, IL 1/2/1882; died 4/21/1975
Education: Illinois (B.S. 1901; M.A. 1904); Columbia (Ph.D. 1906)
Dissertation title: A revision of the North American Vernonieae (Bull. N. Y. Bot. Garden 4:144-245)
Adviser: N. L. Britton (confirmed by B. Maguire)
Comments: Influenced by S. A. Forbes and T. J. Burrill while studying and working in Illinois. For more information see obituary by B. Maguire (Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 102:274-282) and biographical article by R. P. Mclntosh (ibid. 102:253-273, reprinted in History of American Ecology, Arno Press, New York, 1977).
Teaching history: Illinois 1906-10; Michigan 1910-19; (New York Botanic Garden 1919-51)
Ph. D. Students:
Others influenced: W. B. McDougall, F. C. Gates , A. G. Vestal
ESA offices and honors: Eminent Ecologist 1953 and 1959.
ESA links:
Archived papers: New York Botanical Garden
External links: Smith bios | Wikipedia


Frank B. Golley
Born: Chicago, IL 9/24/1930; died 10/8/2006
Education: Purdue (B.S. 1952); Washington State (M.S. 1954); Michigan State (Ph.D. 1958)
Dissertation title: Energy dynamics of a food chain of the old-field community (Ecol. Mon. 30:187-206)
Adviser: Don W. Hayne (C)
Comments: Also influenced by A. A. Lindsay as undergraduate, H. Buechner and R. Daubenmire as a Master’s student, and J.E. Cantlon as a doctoral student.
Teaching history: Univ. of North Carolina 1958-59; Georgia 1968-present.
Ph. D. Students: Monica Turner
Others influenced:
ESA offices and honors: Vice-President 1972-73; President 1976-77.
ESA links: Resolution of Respect


Robert E. Gordon
Born: New York, NY 6/20/1925; died ?
Primary specialty: Herpetology
Education: Emory (A. B. 1949); Georgia (M. S. 1950); Tulane (Ph.D. 1956)
Adviser: Fred R. Cagle (confirmed by J. A. MacMahon)
Comments: Also influenced by Eugene Odum (M. S.)
Ph. D. Students: James A. MacMahon


Asa Gray
Born: Sauquoit, NY 10/18/1810; died 1/30/1888
Primary specialty: Plant taxonomy
Ph.D. students: Charles E. Bessey
External links: Wikipedia


Robert F. Griggs
Born: Brooklyn, CT 8/22/1881, died 6/8/1962
Education: Ohio State (B. Sc, 1903); Minnesota (M.S. 1906); Harvard (Ph.D 1911)
Dissertation title: The development and cytology of Rhodochytrium (Bot. Gaz 53:127-173)
Adviser: George F. Atkinson (??) (mentioned in dissertation along with others)
Teaching history: Fargo (N.D.) Coll. 1903-06, Ohio State 1906-21; George Washington Univ. 1921-47 (ret.)-52, Univ. of Pittsburgh 1952-62 (?)
ESA offices and honors Founder (1914); ESA President 1944.
External links: Smith bios | Wikipedia


Katherine L. Gross
Adviser: Patricia A. Werner (C)
ESA offices and honors: Vice President 1992-93; President 1998-99; Distinguished Service Citation 2008
ESA links: Presidential bio | Distinguished Service Citation

[Return to Top]


Herbert J. Hanson
Adviser: John E. Weaver?
Comments: R.J. Poole, a taxonomist, is given as much credit as Weaver in the acknowledgements in the published version of Hanson’s thesis, and may have been his formal adviser, although it is clear that Weaver was his ecological mentor.
ESA offices and honors: Vice President 1933; President 1938


Roland W. Harper
Adviser: ?
Comments: Was known as “car-window Harper” among at least some of his contemporaries for his habit of describing vegetation without leaving his car. See biographical article by H.R. Delcourt, Pioneer America 10 (2): 37-50


John W. Harshberger
Adviser: ?
Comments: Wrote an autobiography, “Life and Work of John Harshberger, Ph.D.: An Autobiography” (Philadelphia, 1928).
ESA offices and honors: Founder (1914); Vice President 1917; President 1926


Don W. Hayne
Primary specialty: Small mammals and biometrics
Ph. D. Students: Frank Golley


Robert R. Humphrey
Adviser: W. S. Cooper (C)
Comments: Spent a year (1929-30) with Forrest Shreve at Carnegie Desert Research Lab.


G. Evelyn Hutchinson
Born: Cambridge, England 1/30/1903; died 5/17/1991
Education: Cambridge (B.S. 1924; M.S. 1928)
Dissertation title: Although Hutchinson was awarded several honorary degrees, he did not have an earned doctorate. It just goes to show genealogy isn’t everything.
Teaching History: Yale 1928-71
Selected Ph. D. Students: Gordon Riley, Ed Deevey, W. T. Edmondson, John Brooks, Fred Smith, Howard Odum, Lawrence Slobodkin, Peter Klopfer, Alan Kohn, Robert MacArthur, Tom Lovejoy
Others influenced: Raymond Lindeman (post-doc)
ESA offices and honors: Eminent Ecologist 1982
ESA links:
Archived Papers: G. Evelyn Hutchinson papers at Yale
External links: Wikipedia | Biographical web site

[Return to Top]


Hans Jenny
Primary specialty: Soils
Ph. D. Students: Jack Major
External links: Wikipedia


Willis L. Jepson
Primary specialty: Botany; plant taxonomy
Ph. D. Students: H.L. Mason
External links: Wikipedia


Duncan S. Johnson
Primary specialty: Embryology and plant development
Ph. D. Students: Forrest Shreve

[Return to Top]


Peter Kareiva
Adviser: Richard A. Root
Ph. D. Students: Alison G. Power


S. Charles Kendeigh
Born: Amherst, OH 12/18/1904; died 11/13/1986
Education: Oberlin (A.B, 1926; A.M. 1927); Nebraska (1927-28; no degree); Illinois (Ph.D. 1930).
Dissertation title: The role of environment in the life of birds (Ecol. Mon. 4:301-417)
Adviser: Victor E. Shelford (C)
Comments: Influenced by John E. Weaver while at Nebraska. Not a plant ecologist, but included here because of some of his students were.Teaching history: Western Reserve Univ. 1930-36; Illinois 1936-73.
Ph.D. Students: Eugene P. Odum, Robert F. Whittaker
Others influenced: Frank A. Pitelka (undergraduate)
ESA links: President 1950-51; Eminent Ecologist 1978.
Archived Papers: S. Charles Kendeigh Papers at Illinois  |  Some correspondence in the Dreyer Papers and Lindsey Papers at UGA/ESA Archives
External links: Smith bios


Peter Kilham
Adviser: Daniel A. Livingstone
Ph. D. Students: David Tilman


Dennis H. Knight
Born: Clear Lake, SD 12/24/1937
Education: Augustana College, Sioux Falls, SD (B.A. 1959, biology), Wisconsin—Madison (M.S. 1961, Ph.D. 1964)
Dissertation title: An analysis of Wisconsin forest vegetation on the basis of plant function and gross morphology (Ecology 50:219-234)
Advisers: John Curtis (†1961) and Orie Loucks
Comments: Also influential: Grant Cottam, Eugene Odum
Teaching history: University of Loja (Ecuador) 1964-66; University of Wyoming 1966-2001
Ph.D students: , W. H. Romme, E. B. Allen, T. J. Fahey, J. A. Pearson, J. B. Yavitt, Yegang Wu, G. P. Jones, W. F. J. Parsons, K. M. Doyle, C. B. Meyer, D. B. Tinker, C. M. Litton
Others influenced: G. E. Lang (M.S.), J. F. Reynolds (M.S.).
ESA offices and honors: Vice President 1983-84; President 1989-90
ESA links: Profile
Archived Papers: Planned: University of Georgia Archives and the American Heritage Center (University of Wyoming)
External links:


Clarence F. Korstian
Adviser: John W. Toumey
Ph. D. Students: John Reed
ESA offices and honors: Vice President 1939; President 1942


Paul J. Kramer
Adviser: Edgar N. Transeau
External links: Wikipedia


Arthur R. Kruckeberg
Adviser: H. L. Mason (C)

[Return to Top]


Gerald E. Lang
Born: Chicago, IL 3/1/1945
Education: Western Illinois (B.S. 1968); Wyoming (M.S. 1969); Rutgers (Ph.D. 1973)
Dissertation title: Litter accumulation through ecosystem development (Ecology 59:580-595; Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 101:277-286)
Adviser: Richard T. T. Forman (C)
Teaching History: West Virginia 1976-present
Comments: Also influenced by Dennis Knight (M.S), William Reiners (post-doc)
Ph. D. Students: Ann Bartuska, R. Kelman Wieder;
others influenced: Mark Walbridge (M.S.), Joseph Yavitt (post-doc).


Jean H. Langenheim
Born: Homer, LA, 9/5/1925, as Jean C. Harmon (married R. L. Langenheim, Jr, 1946—thereafter known as Jean H. Langenheim )
Education: Tulsa (B.S.1946), Minnesota (M.S. 1949; Ph.D. 1952)
Dissertation title: Vegetation and environmental patterns in the Crested Butte Area, Gunnison County, Colorado (Ecol. Mon. 32:249-85 )
Adviser: W. S. Cooper (C)
Teaching history: Mills College, (1955-56), San Francisco College for Women (1956-59), Rocky Mountain Biological Laboratory (1955-62), University of California Santa Cruz (1966-1994).
Comments: Influenced as an undergraduate by Harriet G. Barclay who had M.S. with W. S. Cooper and Ph.D. with H. C. Cowles.
Ph.D. students; others influenced: David Lincoln; Jonathan Gershenzon (prominent in plant chemical ecology)
ESA offices and honors: Vice President, 1981-82; President, 1986-87.
ESA links: Presidential address, ESA Bulletin 69: 184-197
Archived papers: UC Santa Cruz Archives of Faculty Papers
External links: Xlibris Ebook -memoir- The Odyssey of a Woman Field Scientist, 2010.


Poul Larsen
Primary specialty: Plant physiology
Ph. D. Students: W. Clark Ashby


Raymond L. Lindeman
Born: Redwood Falls, MN 7/24/1915; died 6/29/1942
Education: Park College, MO (B.A. 1936) Minnesota (Ph.D. 1941); Yale (postdoc 1941-42)
Adviser: Samuel Eddy
Comments: Also influenced by W. S. Cooper at Minnesota and G. E. Hutchinson at Yale
External links: Biographical website | Wikipedia


Alton A. Lindsey
Adviser: Arthur Eames (C)
ESA offices and honors: Eminent Ecologist 1976
ESA links: Resolution of Respect
External links: Wikipedia


Elbert L. Little
Primary specialty: Dendrology
Adviser: H. C. Cowles


Burton E. Livingston
Adviser: C. R. Barnes (see comments)
Comments:  Closely associated with and influenced by H. C. Cowles while at Chicago. Livingston’s early life and work are described in considerable detail in his “auto-obituary” (Ecology 29:227-241 (1948)).
External links: Smith bios | Wikipedia


Daniel A. Livingstone
Adviser: Edward S. Deevey
Ph.D. students: Paul A. Colinvaux, Robert L. Kendall, Peter Kilham, Mark A. Mantuani Joseph L. Richardson, Peter D. Weigl
Others influenced: R. E. Hickey
External links: Wikipedia


Orie L. Loucks
Adviser: John T. Curtis (confirmed by Dennis Knight)
Ph.D. students: Dennis H. Knight

[Return to Top]


Walter B. McDougall
Adviser: Frederick C. Newcombe (C)
Comments: Took one course in plant ecology from H. A. Gleason while at Michigan, but other than that “I dug it out by myself”.
Ph.D. students: William T. Penfound (C)
ESA offices and honors: Eminent Ecologist 1977


Robert P. McIntosh
Adviser: John T. Curtis (C)
Ph.D. students:
Others influenced: James A. MacMahon
ESA offices and honors: Secretary 1981-85


James A. MacMahon
Adviser: Robert E. Gordon (C)
Comments: Also influenced by Robert P. McIntosh during Ph.D. work.
ESA offices and honors: President 1997-98; Distinguished Service Citation 2005
ESA links: Distinguished Service Citation


Conway MacMillan
Adviser: (no Ph. D)
Comments: C. E. Bessey was adviser for M.A.
Ph.D. students: Francis Ramaley


Calvin McMillan
Adviser: H. L. Mason (C)
Comments:  Walter Cottam was adviser for M.S.
Ph.D. students: Samuel J. McNaughton
ESA offices and honors: Member-at-Large 1965-66


Samuel J. McNaughton
Adviser: Calvin McMillan
ESA offices and honors: Eminent Ecologist 2004
ESA links: Eminent Ecologist
External links: Wikipedia


Jack Major
Adviser: Hans Jenny
Ph. D. Students: Richard Waring
ESA offices and honors: Distinguished Service Citation 1975
ESA links: Distinguished Service Citation | Resolution of Respect


Peter L. Marks
Adviser: F. H. Bormann (confirmed by D. Sprugel)
Ph. D. Students: William H. Schlesinger


Herbert L. Mason
Adviser: Willis L. Jepson (C)
Comments: Was a research assistant to Ralph W. Chaney while in graduate school
Ph. D. Students: Arthur R. Kruckeberg, Calvin McMillan


Pamela A. Matson
Adviser: Richard Waring
Comments: Also influenced by Peter Vitousek, M.S. adviser and later husband
ESA offices and honors: President 2001-2
ESA links: Presidential bio
External links: Wikipedia


Alden Miller
Primary specialty: Ornithology
Ph. D. Students: Frank A. Pitelka


Jerry M. Melillo
Adviser: F. H. Bormann (C)
ESA offices and honors: President 2004-5


Harold A. Mooney
Adviser: W. D. Billings
Comments: Also influenced by C. H. Muller (undergraduate)
Ph. D. Students: Terry Chapin
ESA offices and honors: Vice President 1984-85; President 1988-89; Eminent Ecologist 1996
External links: Wikipedia


Cornelius H. Muller
Adviser: Arthur G. Vestal (C)
Ph. D. Students: Norman L. Christensen
Others influenced: Harold A. Mooney (undergraduate) ,
ESA offices and honors: Eminent Ecologist 1975
External links: Wikipedia

[Return to Top]


Frederick C. Newcombe
Primary specialty: Plant physiology
Ph. D. Students: Edgar N. Transeau, Frank C. Gates, Walter B. McDougall


George E. Nichols
Adviser: Alexander W. Evans (D)
Comments: Spent a year with H. C. Cowles at Chicago around 1910
Ph.D. students: Frank E. Egler, Charles E. Olmsted
ESA offices and honors: Founder (1914), Vice President 1920, President 1932


William A. Niering
Adviser: Murray F. Buell (C)
ESA links: Resolution of Respect

[Return to Top]


Eugene P. Odum
Born: Lake Sunapee, NH 9/17/1913; died 8/10/2002
Education: Univ. of North Carolina (A.B. 1934); Illinois (Ph.D. 1939)
Dissertation title: Variations in the heart rate of birds: a study in physiological ecology (Ecol. Mon. 11:299-326)
Adviser: S. Charles Kendeigh (C)
Comments: Also influenced by Victor E. Shelford
Teaching history: Georgia 1940-?
Ph. D. students:
Others influenced: Robert E. Gordon (M.S.), D. H. Knight
ESA links: Resolution of Respect
Archived Papers: Eugene Odum collection  |   Eugene Odum Administrative Papers – Institute of Ecology  |   Eugene Odum Research Files  |  Georgia Ornithological Society Records  |  Eugene Odum correspondence 1945-1982 at University of Georgia Athens
External links: Smith bios   |   Wikipedia


Charles E. Olmsted
Born: Holyoke, CO 4/23/1908; died 11/20/1977
Education: Nebraska (A.B. 1929); Oklahoma (M.S. 1931); Yale (Ph.D. 1936)
Dissertation title: The vegetation of the North Haven-Wailingford sand plains (Bot. Gaz. 99:209-300)
Adviser: George E. Nichols (confirmed by F. E. Egler)
Comments: Also influenced by John Weaver (as undergraduate) and Paul Sears (as undergraduate and Master’s student).
Teaching history: Chicago 1934-73
Ph.D. Students: Elroy Rice, Jerry Olson
Others influenced: W. Clark Ashby
ESA offices and honors: Member-at-Large 1948-49; Vice President 1949; President 1960.
Archived Papers: Charles E. Olmsted Papers at Chicago
External links:


Jerry S. Olson
Adviser: Charles E. Olmsted (C)


Henry J. Oosting
Born: Holland, MI 3/12/1903; died 10/30/1968
Education: Hope Coll. (A.B, 1925); Michigan State (M.S. 1927); Minnesota (Ph.D. 1931)
Dissertation: A limnological study of Ham Lake, with special emphasis on the flowering plants (Ecol. Mon. 3:494-533)
Adviser: William S. Cooper (D)
Teaching history: Duke 1932-68
Ph.D. Students W. D. Billings, F. H. Bormann, G. M. Woodwell
Others influenced: John Reed
ESA offices and honors: Treasurer 1944-49; Business Manager 1954-68; President 1955-56;
ESA links: Resolution of Respect
Archived Papers: Henry J. Oosting Papers at Duke  |  Some correspondence in the Odum Papers at UGA/ESA Archives
External links: Smith bios | Wikipedia

[Return to Top]


Orlando Park
Primary specialty: Entomology
Ph.D. students: Stanley I. Auerbach
ESA offices and honors: Secretary 1936-38; Vice President 1940; President 1943.
ESA links: Resolution of Respect


Robert K. Peet
Adviser: Robert H. Whittaker
ESA offices and honors: Secretary 1992-95; Distinguished Service Citation 1995


William T. Penfound
Adviser: W. P. McDougall (C)
Comments: Also influenced by Arthur G. Vestal , “my third, and last, Ph.D. chairman”.
ESA offices and honors: Treasurer 1950; Vice President 1957


Steward T. A. Pickett
Adviser: Fakhri Bazzaz
Ph. D.students:
Others influenced: Scott Collins
ESA offices and honors: Vice President for Science 1992-95; President 2011-12


Frank A. Pitelka
Primary specialty: Entomology
Adviser: Alden I. Miller
Comments: Also influenced by Victor Shelford and Charles Kendeigh as an undergraduate.
Ph.D. students: Richard B.Root
ESA offices and honors: Eminent Ecologist 1992
ESA links: Resolution of Respect
External links: Wikipedia| Smith bios


Robert B. Platt
Adviser: Edgar T. Wherry (C)
ESA offices and honors: Vice President 1966; President 1972-73


John E. Potzger
Adviser: Frank C. Gates
ESA offices and honors: Member-at-Large 1951-52; President 1954


Roscoe Pound
Born: Lincoln, NE 10/27/1870; died 7/1/64
Education: Nebraska (A.B. 1888, A.M. 1889; Ph.D. 1897); Harvard Law (1889-90, no degree (?)
Dissertation title: The phytogeography of Nebraska (presented jointly with F. E. Clements)
Adviser: Charles E. Bessey (D)
Teaching history: (none in ecology)
Comments: For several years Pound was simultaneously a law professor and the Director of the Nebraska Botanical Survey. Later he dropped his botanical work to devote full time to law, and became Dean of the Harvard Law School. Roscoepoundia, a genus of fungi, was named for him.
External links: Wikipedia


Alison G. Power
Adviser: Peter Kareiva
ESA offices and honors: Vice President for Public Affairs 2002-05; President 2008-09.

[Return to Top]


Francis Ramaley
Adviser: Conway MacMillan (Univ. of Minnesota Botany Dept. records)
Ph.D. students:
Others influenced: Arthur G. Vestal (M.S.), Rexford Daubenmire (M.S.)
ESA offices and honors: Vice President 1931; President 1940.


Hugh M. Raup
Adviser: ?
Ph.D. students: Margaret B. Davis
External links: Wikipedia| Smith bios


John F. Reed
Adviser: Clarence F. Korstian (C)
Comments: Was very close to H. J. Oosting as a doctoral student.
ESA offices and honors: Secretary 1954-57; President 1964; Distinguished Service Citation 1982.
ESA links: Resolution of Respect.


William A. Reiners
Adviser: Murray F. Buell
Ph.D. students: Peter M. Vitousek
Others influenced: William H. Schlesinger (undergraduate), G. E. Lang (post-doc)
ESA offices and honors: Treasurer 1981-84.


Elroy Rice
Adviser: Charles E. Olmsted (C)


Paul G. Risser
Adviser: Grant Cottam
Ph.D. students: Scott L. Collins
ESA offices and honors: Secretary 1978-81; President 1984-85; Distinguished Service Citation 1993.


Richard B. Root
Adviser: Frank A. Pitelka
Ph.D. students: Peter Kareiva
ESA offices and honors: Vice President 1979-80; President 1985-86; Eminent Ecologist 2003.
ESA links: Eminent Ecologist.

[Return to Top]


Homer C. Sampson
Adviser: William M. Crocker?  (Mentioned in dissertation along with others)
Comments: Was an assistant at Eastern Illinois State Univ. 1909-12, while E. N. Transeau was teaching there, and was doubtless influenced by him then.
Ph.D. students: Royal Shanks


William H. Schlesinger
Adviser: Peter Marks (confirmed by R. K. Peet)
Comments: Also influenced by William A. Reiners (undergraduate)
ESA offices and honors: Vice-President for Finance 1996-2002; President 2003-04.
ESA links: Presidential bio


Paul B. Sears
Born: Bucyrus, OH 12/17/1891; died 4/30/1990
Education: Ohio Wesleyan (B.S. 1913); Nebraska (M.A. 1915); Chicago (Ph.D. 1922)
Dissertation title: Variations in cytology and gross morphology of Taraxacum (Bot. Gaz. 73:308-325, 425-446)
Adviser: C. J. Chamberlain (C)
Comments: Also influenced by E. N. Transeau (while teaching at Ohio State), C. E. Bessey (at Nebraska), and H. C. Cowles (at Chicago).
Teaching history: Ohio State 1915-1919; Nebraska 1919-1927; Oklahoma 1927-38; Oberlin Coll. 1938-50; Yale 1950-60
Ph.D. Students:
Others influenced: Charles E. Olmsted (undergraduate and M. S.), Aaron J. Sharp (M.S.)
ESA offices and honors: Vice President 1943, 1947; President 1948; Eminent Ecologist 1965.
Archived Papers: Paul Bigelow Sears Papers at Yale  |  Other archival collections mentioning Sears as author or correspondent: Adolph Waller Papers, Alfred A Knopf, Inc. Papers, and Lewis Mumford Papers
External links: Smith bios   |   Wikipedia


Royal E. Shanks
Adviser: H. C. Sampson (signed dissertation)
Comments: E. N. Transeau was Shanks’ adviser for his Master’s thesis (Vegetation of Trumbull, Co., Ohio) and must certainly have been closely involved with his doctoral research, but was not the official adviser.
ESA offices and honors: Treasurer 1941-42; Member-at-Large 1950-51


Homer L. Shantz
Adviser: F. E. Clements (D)
ESA offices and honors: Founder (1914); President 1928
External links: Smith bios | Wikipedia


Aaron J. Sharp
Adviser: Glenn W. Blaydes (C)
Comments: Also influenced by F. C. Gates (during summer course at Mich. Biol. Sta.) Paul Sears (as Master’s student), and E. N. Transeau (most important influence at Ohio State, but not official adviser).
ESA offices and honors:   Member-at-Large 1954-55; Vice President 1960


Victor E. Shelford
Born: Chemung, NY 9/22/1877; died 12/27/1968
Education: Univ. of Chicago (B.S. 1903; Ph.D. 1907)
Dissertation title: The life histories and larval habits of the tiger beetles (J. Linn. Soc. London (Zool.) 30:157-184)
Adviser: C. M. Child (?) (see comments)
Comments: It is not particularly clear who Shelford’s formal dissertation adviser was, but his ecological thinking was obviously strongly influenced by H. C. Cowles. Although not a plant ecologist, he is included here because his ideas have profoundly influenced ecological investigation.
Teaching history: Chicago 1907-14; Illinois 1914-46
Ph.D students: S. Charles Kendeigh
Others influenced: Stanley Auerbach (M.S.), Eugene P. Odum, Frank A. Pitelka (undergraduate), Robert H. Whittaker
ESA Offices and honors: Founder (1914); First ESA President 1916; Eminent Ecologist 1968.
Archived Papers: Victor E. Shelford Papers at Illinois  |  Mentioned in Sigurd F. Olson Papers at Minnesota
External links: Smith bios   |   Wikipedia


Forrest Shreve
Adviser: Duncan S. Johnson (D)
Comments: Sometimes thought to be a student of B. E. Livingston (cf. H. A. Gleason letter to C. H. Muller, ESA Bull. 56(4):7-10) but this association apparently developed after Shreve had finished his doctoral work. Was also close to the young W. S. Cooper, who was a student at Johns Hopkins in 1906-07 while Shreve was at nearby Goucher.
Ph.D. students:
Others influenced: Robert H. Humphrey
ESA offices and honors: Founder (1914); Secretary 1916-19; President 1922
External links: Smith bios


Daniel Simberloff
Adviser: E. O. Wilson
ESA offices and honors: Eminent Ecologist 2006
ESA links: Eminent Ecologist
External links: Wikipedia


Forest Stearns
Adviser: John T. Curtis (C)
ESA offices and honors:  Vice  President 1971-72; Treasurer 1972-75; President 1975-76; Distinguished Service Citation 1979
ESA links: Resolution of Respect

[Return to Top]


Lewis H. Tiffany
Adviser: Edgar N. Transeau (signed dissertation)
Ph.D. students:
Others influenced: John Wolfe


G. David Tilman
Adviser: Peter Kilham (C)
ESA offices and honors: MacArthur Award 1996
External links: Wikipedia


John W. Toumey
Adviser: (no Ph.D.)
Ph.D. students: Clarence F. Korstian


Edgar N. Transeau
Born: Williamsport, PA 10/21/1875; died 1960
Education: Franklin and Marshall Coll. (A.B. 1897); Chicago (1900-01, no degree); Michigan (Ph.D. 1904)
Dissertation title: The bog vegetation of the Huron River Valley (Bot. Gaz. 40:351-375, 418-448; 41:17-42)
Adviser: F. C. Newcombe (see comments)
Comments: Although Newcombe was his official adviser, Transeau’s own writings make it clear that he went to Michigan primarily for financial reasons and that his main ecological mentor was H. C. Cowles. His comments on his graduate school experience may offer some consolation to modern students who think their advisers don’t understand them:

On August 1, I accepted the Ferry Fellowship at the University of Michigan at $500, and resigned from Colorado Springs High School. Went to Ann Arbor, Michigan, about September 15 and entered upon the study of bogs and bog plants under Professor V. M. Spalding. Bogs abundant, but ideas scarce. Spalding was taken ill in November and went to Tucson, Arizona, — never saw him again… Fellowship was renewed the following year and I continued to work under my own direction until May 1904.

Prof. Newcombe, the acting head of the department, came to me on May 1 and suggested that we go down to Detroit and see my sponsor, Mr. D. M. Ferry, the Seedsman, to have the Fellowship renewed for another year. I told him I was not interested in having another year at Ann Arbor, but wanted my degree in June. He said that he did not think I had any material for a thesis. I telegraphed immediately to Cowles, and Cowles said I could have my degree at Chicago in the Summer Quarter, if I would come there. So I told Mr. Newcombe that I would either get the degree in June at Ann Arbor, or at Chicago in September. He said that I would have to hand in my thesis by the 10th of May. I handed in a 200 page typewritten thesis on that day by working 18 hours a day. It was accepted, I passed my examination, and I got my degree, Ph.D., in June 1904. During the two years at Ann Arbor I had never discussed my problems with Newcombe at any time, and he said he was surprised at the contents of the thesis. Since I was Spalding’s student he could have nothing to do with me. That was the code at Ann Arbor.” (from unpublished autobiographical notes)

Teaching history: Alma Coll. (Mich.) 1904-06; Eastern 111. State Teachers Coll. 1907-15; Ohio State 1915-46.
Ph.D. students: Glenn W. Blaydes, Paul J. Kramer, Lewis H. Tiffany, John Wolfe
Others influenced: W. S. Cooper (undergraduate), Homer C. Sampson, Paul B. Sears, Royal Shanks (M.S.), Aaron J. Sharp
ESA offices and honors: Vice President 1921; President 1924
Archived Papers: A photo listed in Thomas L. Hankinson Papers at University of Michigan archives
External links: Smith bios


Monica G. Turner
Adviser: Frank Golley (C)
ESA offices and honors: MacArthur Award 2008
External links: Wikipedia

[Return to Top]


Arthur M. Vestal
Adviser: H. C. Cowles (confirmed by R. Brewer)
Adviser: Also influenced by F. Ramaley, his Master’s adviser, and H. A. Gleason, with whom he worked as an undergraduate.
Ph.D. students: C. H. Muller
Others influenced: William T. Penfound, Robert H. Whittaker
ESA offices and honors: Secretary 1934-35


Peter M. Vitousek
Adviser: William A. Reiners (C)
Others influenced: Pamela Matson (M.S.)
ESA offices and honors: MacArthur Award 1992
External links: Wikipedia

[Return to Top]


Richard Waring
Adviser: Jack Major (C)
Ph.D. students: Pamela Matson


John E. Weaver
Born: Villisca, IA 5/5/1884; died 6/8/1966
Education: Nebraska (B. Sc. 1909, M.S. 1911); Minnesota (Ph.D. 1916)
Dissertation title: A study of the vegetation of southeastern Washington and adjacent Idaho. (Univ. of Nebraska Studies 17:1-133)
Adviser: F. E. Clements (D; confirmed by R. Tobey)
Teaching history: Washington State 1912-14, Nebraska 1915-52
Ph.D. Students: John M. Aikman, Frederick W. Albertson, Herbert C. Hanson (?)
Others influenced: S. Charles Kendeigh, Charles E. Olmsted (undergraduate)
ESA offices and honors: Vice President 1925; President 1930.
Archived Papers: J.E. Weaver Papers at Nebraska
External links: Wikipedia


Patricia A. Werner
Adviser: John E. Cantlon (C)
Ph.D. students: Katherine L. Gross
ESA offices and honors: Member-at-Large 1979-81


Edgar T. Wherry
Adviser: ?
Comments: Started his career as a mineralogist and chemist but apparently became interested in the plants growing on rock outcrops and eventually moved entirely into botany
Ph.D. students: Robert B. Platt
External links: Wikipedia


Robert H. Whittaker
Adviser: S. Charles Kendeigh (C)
Comments: Started at Illinois under V. E. Shelford with A. G. Vestal as a co-adviser to represent botany. Switched to Kendeigh when Shelford retired in 1946
Ph.D. students: Robert K. Peet
ESA offices and honors: Member-at-Large 1969-71; Vice President 1970-71; Eminent Ecologist 1981
External links: Wikipedia


Edward O. Wilson
Adviser: ?
Ph.D. students: Many, including Daniel Simberloff
ESA offices and honors: Eminent Ecologist 1994
External links: Wikipedia


John N. Wolfe
Adviser: Edgar N. Transeau (signed dissertation)
Comments: Was also strongly influenced by L. H. Tiffany while at Ohio State.


George M. Woodwell
Adviser: Henry J. Oosting (C)
ESA offices and honors: Vice President 1967; President 1977-78
External links: Wikipedia

[Return to Top]


C. M. Yonge
Adviser: ?
Ph.D. students: Joseph H. Connell
External links: Wikipedia

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s